Pharmaceutical Waste Management: Practices and Challenges in Burmeso, Indonesia

Pharmaceutical waste management is a critical issue globally, especially in developing countries like Indonesia, where rapid urbanization and industrial growth can strain existing waste management infrastructures. Burmeso, a region in Indonesia, faces unique challenges and employs specific practices in managing pharmaceutical waste.


Current Practices

In Burmeso, pharmaceutical waste management primarily revolves around disposal practices at healthcare facilities such as hospitals, clinics, and pharmacies. Often, these facilities segregate pharmaceutical waste into categories like hazardous and non-hazardous before disposal. Non-hazardous waste typically includes expired medications and packaging materials, while hazardous waste comprises items contaminated with cytotoxic drugs or infectious materials.


The disposal methods commonly used include landfilling and incineration. Landfilling is a straightforward but potentially hazardous method due to leaching of chemicals into soil and groundwater. Incineration, though effective in reducing waste volume, raises concerns about air pollution and requires sophisticated technology to manage emissions safely.



Burmeso faces several challenges in effectively managing pharmaceutical waste:


Lack of Awareness and Education: Many healthcare professionals and the general public are unaware of proper disposal methods and the risks associated with improper handling of pharmaceutical waste.


Infrastructure Deficiencies: Limited resources and infrastructure for waste management pose significant challenges. Rural areas often lack proper facilities for safe disposal.


Regulatory and Enforcement Issues: Inconsistent enforcement of regulations and inadequate monitoring exacerbate the problem. Compliance with waste management regulations is often low due to a lack of oversight.


Environmental Impact: Improper disposal methods can lead to environmental degradation, affecting soil, water, and air quality. Pharmaceutical residues in water bodies can harm aquatic ecosystems and human health.


Health Risks: Exposure to pharmaceutical waste poses health risks to waste handlers, healthcare workers, and the community at large, especially in the absence of proper protective measures.


Mitigation Strategies

Addressing these challenges requires a multi-faceted approach:


Education and Training: Increase awareness among healthcare professionals and the public about proper pharmaceutical waste management practices.


Infrastructure Development: Invest in waste management infrastructure, particularly in rural areas, to ensure safe disposal and minimize environmental impact.


Regulatory Strengthening: Strengthen enforcement of existing regulations and develop new guidelines where necessary to improve compliance and monitoring.


Technological Innovation: Explore safer disposal technologies such as advanced incineration methods or pharmaceutical waste treatment plants.


Community Engagement: Involve local communities in waste management initiatives to foster a sense of responsibility and sustainability.



Pafiburmeso faces significant challenges stemming from inadequate infrastructure, awareness, and regulatory enforcement. Addressing these issues requires concerted efforts from government agencies, healthcare providers, and the community to implement effective waste management practices and mitigate environmental and health risks associated with improper disposal. By adopting comprehensive strategies and fostering collaboration, Burmeso can move towards sustainable pharmaceutical waste management practices beneficial for both public health and the environment.

Careers in the Horse Racing Industry

We can’t all be Frankie Dettori or Rachael Blackmore, but there are many different roles in the racing industry including becoming a jockey, of course, that could be a realistic goal and end up in a thoroughly gratifying and inspiring career.

Why horse racing?
The horse racing industry supports over 85,000 jobs in the UK and is the nation’s 2nd largest spectator sport after football, but the nation’s largest sporting employer. It also attracts 5 million people to the country’s many racecourses each year. There are a wide variety of roles associated with the industry across a huge array of organisations and the industry is vibrant, diverse, exciting and fast-paced, providing employment opportunities galore. Whether you would like to get involved in events management, training, veterinary care, looking after racehorses, jockeying or behind the scenes work the industry can provide wonderful career opportunities.

A variety of organisations offer apprenticeships, including the National Horseracing College, The National Stud and The British Racing School. Details of the latter are given as an example below.

The British Racing School delivers an excellent apprenticeship in Racehorse Care nationwide. The Foundation Apprenticeship is free and guarantees successful candidates a job in racing. It is compulsory for anyone under the age of 19 seeking to enter the racing industry. The course includes:

A residential Foundation Course
A work placement in a racing yard
Key skills development
In terms of duration it is 9-12 weeks and on successful completion of studies the apprenticeship itself takes around 1 year to achieve, during which you will be placed in a yard and assessed on your work.

Online resources is managed by the British Horseracing Authority and is a superb place for information on careers in the racing industry. There are recruitment initiatives and marketing campaigns promoting careers in racing as well as advertised pathways for those seeking to get into a career in racing. They also have a ‘jobs board’ which processes in excess of 1000 hobs every year!

Specific careers in racing
The racing world is such that there are a huge range of potential careers that are associated with the sport including but not limited to:

Riding and jockeying

Event Managing
Obviously, the route into some of these (like marketing, journalism and event management) might see you come from an institution not affiliated with the racing industry. Some of these careers, however, have paths unique to the sport. Let’s look at a couple of notable examples.

Stud Groom
This role involves looking after the horses, including feeding, exercising and liaising with vets and farriers. You will be involved in attending to mares and foals during and after foaling and maintaining stud records, to name but a few of your many duties.

Work Rider
This role involves exercising and schooling racehorses to get them to race fitness. The skill level here is high and the role involves gauging a horse’s fitness and agility levels as well as their preferred ground. Pay depends on experience and it is a very satisfying role to get involved in.

Careers after mba

Individuals interested in Security & Investment Analysis/Portfolio Management can go for jobs in Banks, Security Firms, Insurance Companies etc. Corporate Treasury, Business Operations and Credit Analysis are some of the job profiles available in this sector.

Transaction Banking, Corporate Banking, Investment Banking, Compliance, and Credit Relationship Management are some other areas in Banking that MBA graduates can explore.

Cognizant Business Consulting, KPMG, PwC, Credit Swiss, HDFC Bank etc. are some companies that are popular for hiring in this sector.

Marketing jobs are available in almost all the sectors like Retail, Banking, Hospitality, Media, Fast-Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) etc.

An exciting array of roles are available such as Brand Manager, Marketing Manager, Product Manager, Market Research Analyst, Media Planner, PR Manager, Digital Marketer etc.

In the Marketing sector, individuals are expected to promote the company’s products, define a product positioning strategy, understand distribution channels, reach new customers and retain old ones.

Digital Marketing Manager is a new profile that has become extremely popular with the advent of the internet and social media channels like Facebook, Instagram etc. Some of the tasks entail pay per click marketing, search engine optimization etc.

Some of the popular companies that hire in this field are Tata Consultancy Services, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Vodafone, Amazon etc. Sales
A career in Sales revolves around designing the Sales Strategy, Setting Goals keeping the budget in mind, leading the sales team, analyzing Sales Data, setting targets for different territories, and predicting revenue and profits. A fresh MBA Graduate may have to start from the lower end of the spectrum but with experience, he can rise to senior positions. With regular incentives and commissions on the achievement of targets, it is one of the most lucrative career choice.

in Operations
MBA in Operations is an extremely valued specialization across all industries, including Telecom, IT, and E-Commerce. Job titles include Supply Chain Manager, Logistics Manager, Inventory Control Manager, Project Managers, and Operations Manager.

MBAs in Operations are usually hired for looking after responsibilities related to Supply Chain, Vendor, and Inventory Management, Sales Operations, and Production Management. They are also given charge of Delivery, Fulfillment, and Returns.

Popular companies in India include Amazon, Dr Reddy’s Laboratories, Airtel, TVS Motor Company, and Deloitte

An MBA program in Technology usually covers topics such as Emerging Technologies, Sustainability, Biotechnology and Clinical Technology.

Technology Managers keep up with fast-changing technology developments and innovations. They understand products and services and look for new ideas that will thrive in the market.

Some of the job profiles are Information Systems Managers, Systems Analysts, and Chief Technology Officers, Data Processing Manager, Business Analyst etc.

IBM, BAE Systems, United Technologies Corporation, Lowe’s Companies, and Atmel Corporation are among popular companies that hire in this space.

in Human Resource Management
Human Resources Managers act as a bridge between employees and employers. They design organization policies and take care of employee benefits and payroll. They also ensure that organizational HR policies follow ever-changing government laws.

A career in Banking & Finance

Since the MBA graduates are exposed to all aspects of business namely Operations, Logistics, Finance, Sales etc., they are well equipped to get straight into Entrepreneurship. The last decade has seen the rise of umpteen startups in India which have changed the entrepreneurship landscape completely. Flipkart, Snapdeal, Zomato are some of the popular examples that have done extremely well in a short span of time.

Individuals interested in Security & Investment Analysis/Portfolio Management can go for jobs in Banks, Security Firms, Insurance Companies etc. Corporate Treasury, Business Operations and Credit Analysis are some of the job profiles available in this sector.

Transaction Banking, Corporate Banking, Investment Banking, Compliance, and Credit Relationship Management are some other areas in Banking that MBA graduates can explore.

Cognizant Business Consulting, KPMG, PwC, Credit Swiss, HDFC Bank etc. are some companies that are popular for hiring in this sector

If you are inclined towards academics, teaching in MBA colleges is a very good option. One can also get involved with research and pursue PhD. This can open many more avenues such as – Contributing Research Papers to Academic Journals, Writing / Editing Academic books etc.